10 Synonyms for “Including But Not Limited to” (With Examples)

When we communicate, especially in writing, it’s crucial to be clear and precise. The phrase “including but not limited to” is a common way to say, “here are some examples, but there are more.” However, it can sound too formal or complicated at times.

This article lists ten simpler or more suitable alternatives to use in different situations.

Can You Say “Including But Not Limited to”?

Yes, you can say “including but not limited to.” This phrase is used to make it clear that the things you list are just examples, and there could be more that aren’t mentioned. It’s used a lot in legal and formal writing where you want to make sure everyone knows the list could be longer. It’s a way to protect yourself by making sure people understand the list isn’t complete.

For example, if you’re writing rules for a clubhouse, you might say:

Rules are subject to change and include, including but not limited to, no running in the hallways, keeping noise to a minimum after 9 PM, and cleaning up after yourself in the kitchen.

This example shows how the phrase makes sure people know there are other rules, even if they’re not listed.


  • Makes clear that your list is not complete.
  • Helps cover all bases in legal and formal documents.
  • Useful in setting expectations without making an exhaustive list.


  • Can make sentences longer and more complicated.
  • Could be seen as too formal or unnecessary in casual communication.
  • Some may find it confusing or intimidating.

Sometimes, you might want to use an alternative phrase. This might be because you’re looking for a way to make your writing simpler or less formal. While “including but not limited to” is clear for legal or formal reasons, in everyday writing, it can make sentences bulky. Also, using synonyms or alternatives can help make your writing more accessible or engaging to your audience. There are several alternatives that can convey the same meaning without the formality or length.

10 Other Ways to Say “Including But Not Limited to”

Here are ten alternatives to the phrase “including but not limited to” that can make your writing clearer or more suitable for different contexts.

  1. Among others
  2. Such as
  3. For example
  4. Includes
  5. Especially
  6. Like
  7. Consisting of
  8. Particularly
  9. Without limitation
  10. Including

1. Among others

This alternative is less formal than the original phrase, which makes it a good choice for more casual conversations or writings. It suggests there are more items not listed but does not explicitly say “not limited to.” Compared to the original phrase, it feels more conversational.

This alternative fits best in settings where you’re providing examples but don’t need to be overly formal or professional. It’s great for when you want to keep things light and avoid overwhelming your audience with the idea that there could be many more items or conditions.

Here are two examples:

Our club offers many activities, among others, chess, painting, and soccer.
The recipe calls for many spices, among others, turmeric, cinnamon, and cayenne pepper.

2. Such as

Using “such as” instead of the original phrase helps provide examples without implying a complete list. It is more straightforward and is often used in both informal and formal writing. This synonym suggests there are more examples, but it does so very subtly.

This phrase is better utilized when you want to give samples without locking down an exhaustive list. It’s particularly effective in writing where simplicity is key, and you wish to avoid any legal implications of a comprehensive list.

Here are a couple of examples:

In the software, you can create various documents, such as letters, reports, and invoices.
Healthy diets often include fruits such as apples, bananas, and strawberries.

3. For example

“For example” is a well-understood and common way to introduce examples. Like “such as,” it implies there are more examples not listed, but it doesn’t focus on exclusitivity. It’s considered polite and suitable for both spoken and written context, working well across both informal and formal settings.

This approach is especially useful when you want to illustrate a point with examples without making the list seem closed. It encourages the audience to think of other possibilities on their own.

Here are your examples:

We have many house rules, for example, no shoes inside and quiet hours after 10 PM.
You'll find many tools in the garage, for example, hammers, screwdrivers, and wrenches.

4. Includes

“Includes” is a direct way of indicating that the list is part of a larger set. It is slightly more formal than “such as” but still commonly understood and used in a variety of contexts. By using “includes,” you’re stating there are more items beyond those mentioned.

This word is highly versatile and works well in situations where you want to be specific about what’s being included while still hinting at the existence of more.

Two sample texts include:

The package includes features such as a user guide, customer support, and a warranty.
Our buffet menu includes options such as vegetarian, vegan, and gluten-free dishes.

5. Especially

“Especially” focuses on emphasizing certain items more than others, implying they are of particular importance or relevance. While its meaning can slightly differ from the original phrase, it’s useful for highlighting specifics while not closing the door on other options. It’s more often used in informal settings but can be adapted for formal use.

It is suitable for cases where you wish to draw attention to specific examples or considerations without making the list seem exclusive.

Examples for you:

Consider using safety gear, especially helmets and knee pads, when skateboarding.
You should eat healthy foods, especially fruits and vegetables, to maintain good health.

6. Like

“Like” is very informal and conversational, used widely in everyday speech. It suggests similarity or examples without suggesting a limitation on the scope. It’s the casual cousin of “such as” and “for example,” easy to understand and accessible.

When aiming for a light, breezy tone that invites the reader or listener to fill in the blanks with their imagination, “like” is the ideal choice. It’s perfect for storytelling or when trying to be relatable.

For example:

Enjoy outdoor activities, like hiking, biking, and swimming, during your stay.
You'll find many gadgets in the kitchen, like blenders, toasters, and microwaves.

7. Consisting of

“Consisting of” is a term that leans towards the formal side, suggesting a definite list without closing the possibility of additional items. This term is closer to implying a more comprehensive list of components making up a whole, yet allows for unstated extras.

While it can seem relatively formal, it’s a good fit for technical descriptions or when you are delineating the main components of something but don’t wish to exclude other potential inclusions.

Some samples:

Our team, consisting of designers, developers, and product managers, works together seamlessly.
This stew, consisting of beef, potatoes, and carrots, is rich and flavorful.

8. Particularly

“Particularly” doesn’t function exactly as a direct synonym but can be used to imply importance or emphasis on certain examples within a broader category. It’s a more formal choice compared to “like” or “for example,” suitable for both written and spoken language where precision is needed.

This word is ideal when the intention is to highlight specific items or cases for special attention, suggesting their importance or relevance within a larger group or set.

A couple of use cases:

In cold seasons, protect plants particularly sensitive to frost, like tomatoes and peppers.
Look for signs of wear in areas particularly prone to damage, such as joints and connections.

9. Without limitation

“Without limitation” mirrors the original phrase’s intent and formality level closely, clearly indicating an open-ended list. This formal term is mostly seen in legal, technical, or professional documents where it’s crucial to specify that the list provided is not exhaustive.

This phrase is best used when clarity and explicitness about the non-exhaustive nature of a list are crucial, especially in context that might involve legal interpretations or technical specifications.

Examples here:

Your subscription grants access to a variety of services, without limitation, streaming, downloads, and exclusive content.
The warranty covers defects in materials and workmanship, without limitation, for a period of one year.

10. Including

“Including” is probably the simplest direct alternative to “including but not limited to.” It implies that there are more items not specified in the list but does so in a more straightforward manner. It’s versatile, fitting well in both formal and informal contexts without adding unnecessary complexity.

This synonym is beautifully suited for almost any setting where you want to introduce examples without explicitly stating that your list is exhaustive. It’s clear, concise, and widely understood, making it a solid choice for many writers.

Let’s see it in action:

Possible side effects include, including dizziness, nausea, and headaches.
Our products are sold in over 50 countries, including France, Germany, and Japan.

Final Thoughts

Choosing the right way to list examples or additional items is important to make your writing clear and engaging. The phrase “including but not limited to” has its uses, especially in formal or legal contexts, but it can be heavy for everyday communication.

The ten alternatives we’ve explored offer a range of tones, from casual to professional. Depending on your audience and the setting of your writing, one of these options might fit better than the original phrase.

Remember, the goal is to be understood clearly. Finding the right balance between formality and accessibility can make your writing more effective and enjoyable to read.

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